Abdominal obesity , also known as central obesity and truncal obesity , is a condition when excessive abdominal fat around the stomach and abdomen has built up to the extent that it is likely to have a negative impact on health. Central obesity has been strongly linked to cardiovascular disease,  Alzheimer's disease , and other metabolic and vascular diseases. Visceral and central abdominal fat and waist circumference show a strong association with type 2 diabetes. Visceral fat , also known as organ fat or intra-abdominal fat , is located inside the peritoneal cavity , packed in between internal organs and torso, as opposed to subcutaneous fat , which is found underneath the skin , and intramuscular fat , which is found interspersed in skeletal muscle. Visceral fat is composed of several adipose depots including mesenteric , epididymal white adipose tissue EWAT and perirenal fat. An excess of visceral fat is known as central obesity, the "pot belly" or "beer belly" effect, in which the abdomen protrudes excessively. This body type is also known as "apple shaped", as opposed to "pear shaped", in which fat is deposited on the hips and buttocks. Researchers first started to focus on abdominal obesity in the s when they realized it had an important connection to cardiovascular disease , diabetes , and dyslipidemia. Abdominal obesity was more closely related with metabolic dysfunctions connected with cardiovascular disease than was general obesity.
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FOUR out of five black women are seriously overweight. One out of four middle-aged black women has diabetes. What we need is a body-culture revolution in black America. Chemically, in its ability to promote disease, black fat may be the same as white fat.
Photographer Yossi Loloi must have taken a hint from Lucian Freud and Peter Paul Rubens when he took photos challenging the traditional image of the nude muse. Loloi's project, entitled Full Beauty, features nude photographs of women pounds and larger. With a deep respect for his subjects and a challenging eye toward both pop culture and art history, Loloi shows that the history of the female nude is a dangerously limited one.