Aida has taught Spanish at the University in Italy. Spanish is her mother tongue and she has a master's degree in Spanish Language and Literature. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Log in or Sign up. Thus sang the Egyptians the hymn of Amun-Ra , supreme god, representation of the sun and life. Actually, Amun-Ra became one god about B.
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Deities in Ancient Egypt - Amun
The Power of Amun-Ra. Yusuf Baqai , Chapman University Follow. Symbolized by the ram expressing fertility and war, two powerful forces that both create and end humans. Though this may be true, he was not always known that way. He was known to have so much power, that some historians believe that the ancient Egyptians had a monotheistic belief. Ra also possessed many stories known to the Egyptians such as bringing light to the sky for the people on Earth and the Underworld demonstrating his power.
Ra was believed to rule in all parts of the created world: the sky , the Earth , and the underworld. Ra was portrayed as a falcon and shared characteristics with the sky god Horus. The cult of the Mnevis bull , an embodiment of Ra, had its center in Heliopolis and there was a formal burial ground for the sacrificed bulls north of the city. All forms of life were believed to have been created by Ra. In some accounts, humans were created from Ra's tears and sweat, hence the Egyptians call themselves the "Cattle of Ra". In the myth of the Celestial Cow , it is recounted how mankind plotted against Ra and how he sent his eye as the goddess Sekhmet to punish them. The sun is the giver of life, controlling the ripening of crops which were worked by man. Because of the life giving qualities of the sun the Egyptians worshiped the sun as a god. The creator of the universe and the giver of life, the sun or Ra represented life, warmth and growth.
Amun was attested from the Old Kingdom together with his wife Amaunet. With the 11th Dynasty c. Amun-Ra retained chief importance in the Egyptian pantheon throughout the New Kingdom with the exception of the " Atenist heresy " under Akhenaten. Amun-Ra in this period 16th to 11th centuries BC held the position of transcendental , self-created  creator deity "par excellence"; he was the champion of the poor or troubled and central to personal piety. With Osiris , Amun-Ra is the most widely recorded of the Egyptian gods. As the chief deity of the Egyptian Empire , Amun-Ra also came to be worshipped outside Egypt, according to the testimony of ancient Greek historiographers in Libya and Nubia. As Zeus Ammon , he came to be identified with Zeus in Greece. Amun rose to the position of tutelary deity of Thebes after the end of the First Intermediate Period , under the 11th Dynasty. As the patron of Thebes, his spouse was Mut. The city of Thebes does not appear to have been of great significance before the 11th Dynasty.